The Shaanxi Historical Museum is located in the North West section of Xian and is noted as the provincial museum of Shaanxi. The museum was opened to the public in 1991 and houses artefacts and relics dating back to the Qin Dynasty, the first official dynasty of China. The exterior appearance of the Shaanxi Historical Museum was designed to resemble a traditional palatial design from the Tang Dynasty, perhaps the most famous Dynasty situated in the Shaanxi area.

The Shaanxi Historical Museum houses over 370,000 items all coming from Shaanxi Province. The Museum's collection is said to give important insight into the history, culture and way of life of the people in Shaanxi and the development of the Han Chinese people throughout the country's extensive history. The museum houses many antiquity and relics, including bronze wares, ancient pottery and mural paintings from the Tang Dynasty.

Some of the museum's most famous displays include ancient fossils, a Kneeling Archer from amongst the ranks of the Terracotta Army, and paintings and murals from the Tang Dynasty, with one of the most popular being people playing polo, a popular game of the time.

The Shaanxi Historical Museum is home to a fantastic array of items and artefacts. With thousands of relics to see, one could spend a whole day in this historical treasure trove.

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